#!/usr/bin/env python # -*- coding: utf8 -*- # # [代码名字: Threaded Server] # [代码分类: Python Core, socket, threading] # [代码描述: Simple example of Python's socket and threading modules] # [代码文档: http://docs.python.org/library/socket.html, http://docs.python.org/library/threading.html] # [代码作者: Happyonion75271.com <firstname.lastname@example.org>] # [代码协议: GPL] import sys import socket import threading import time QUIT = False class ClientThread( threading.Thread ): ''' Class that implements the client threads in this server ''' def __init__( self, client_sock ): ''' Initialize the object, save the socket that this thread will use. ''' threading.Thread.__init__( self ) self.client = client_sock def run( self ): ''' Thread's main loop. Once this function returns, the thread is finished and dies. ''' # # Need to declare QUIT as global, since the method can change it # global QUIT done = False cmd = self.readline() # # Read data from the socket and process it # while not done: if 'quit' == cmd : self.writeline( 'Ok, bye' ) QUIT = True done = True elif 'bye' == cmd: self.writeline( 'Ok, bye' ) done = True else: self.writeline( self.name ) cmd = self.readline() # # Make sure the socket is closed once we're done with it # self.client.close() return def readline( self ): ''' Helper function, reads up to 1024 chars from the socket, and returns them as a string, all letters in lowercase, and without any end of line markers ''' result = self.client.recv( 1024 ) if( None != result ): result = result.strip().lower() return result def writeline( self, text ): ''' Helper function, writes teh given string to the socket, with an end of line marker appended at the end ''' self.client.send( text.strip() + '\n' ) class Server: ''' Server class. Opens up a socket and listens for incoming connections. Every time a new connection arrives, it creates a new ClientThread thread object and defers the processing of the connection to it. ''' def __init__( self ): self.sock = None self.thread_list =  def run( self ): ''' Server main loop. Creates the server (incoming) socket, and listens on it of incoming connections. Once an incomming connection is deteceted, creates a ClientThread to handle it, and goes back to listening mode. ''' all_good = False try_count = 0 # # Attempt to open the socket # while not all_good: if 3 < try_count: # # Tried more than 3 times, without success... Maybe the port # is in use by another program # sys.exit( 1 ) try: # # Create the socket # self.sock = socket.socket( socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM ) # # Bind it to the interface and port we want to listen on # self.sock.bind( ( '127.0.0.1', 5050 ) ) # # Listen for incoming connections. This server can handle up to # 5 simultaneous connections # self.sock.listen( 5 ) all_good = True break except socket.error, err: # # Could not bind on the interface and port, wait for 10 seconds # print 'Socket connection error... Waiting 10 seconds to retry.' del self.sock time.sleep( 10 ) try_count += 1 print "Server is listening for incoming connections." print "Try to connect through the command line, with:" print "telnet localhost 5050" print "and then type whatever you want." print print "typing 'bye' finishes the thread, but not the server ", print "(eg. you can quit telnet, run it again and get a different ", print "thread name" print "typing 'quit' finishes the server" try: # # NOTE - No need to declare QUIT as global, since the method never # changes its value # while not QUIT: try: # # Wait for half a second for incoming connections # self.sock.settimeout( 0.500 ) client = self.sock.accept() except socket.timeout: # # No connection detected, sleep for one second, then check # if the global QUIT flag has been set # time.sleep( 1 ) if QUIT: print "Received quit command. Shutting down..." break continue # # Create the ClientThread object and let it handle the incoming # connection # new_thread = ClientThread( client ) print 'Incoming Connection. Started thread ', print new_thread.getName() self.thread_list.append( new_thread ) new_thread.start() # # Go over the list of threads, remove those that have finished # (their run method has finished running) and wait for them # to fully finish # for thread in self.thread_list: if not thread.isAlive(): self.thread_list.remove( thread ) thread.join() except KeyboardInterrupt: print 'Ctrl+C pressed... Shutting Down' except Exception, err: print 'Exception caught: %s\nClosing...' % err # # Clear the list of threads, giving each thread 1 second to finish # NOTE: There is no guarantee that the thread has finished in the # given time. You should always check if the thread isAlive() after # calling join() with a timeout paramenter to detect if the thread # did finish in the requested time # for thread in self.thread_list: thread.join( 1.0 ) # # Close the socket once we're done with it # self.sock.close() if "__main__" == __name__: server = Server() server.run() print "Terminated"