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C#版本的DBHelper

OC/C/C++ 水墨上仙 1377次浏览 已收录 手机上查看

C# DBHelper 第二版, 持续更新 直到完美。 欢迎大家提出意见。
作者:ChaoVer

/********************************
 * Produce: DbHelper
 * Version: beta 2
 * Date: 2012.10.11
 ********************************/
using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Collections.Generic;
namespace DbHelper
{
    public class SqlDbHelper :IDisposable
    {
        protected SqlConnection conn;
        protected SqlCommand cmd;
        protected SqlDataReader reader;
        protected SqlDataAdapter adapter;
        protected string connectionString = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["connStr"].ConnectionString;
        public static SqlDbHelper Instance = null;
        public string ConnectionString
        {
            get { return this.connectionString; }
            set { this.connectionString = value; }
        }
        static SqlDbHelper()
        { SqlDbHelper.Instance = new SqlDbHelper(); }
        /// <summary>
        /// 获取一个未打开连接的SqlConnection对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>SqlConnection对象</returns>
        public SqlConnection GetConnection()
        {
            if (conn != null)
                return this.conn;
            return this.conn = new SqlConnection(connectionString);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用连接字符串获取未打开连接SqlConnection对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="_connStr">连接字符串</param>
        /// <returns>SqlConnection对象</returns>
        public SqlConnection GetConnection(string _connStr)
        {
            if (this.conn != null)
                this.conn.ConnectionString = _connStr;
            else
                this.conn = new SqlConnection(_connStr);
            return this.conn;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用指定的Sql语句创建SqlCommand对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">Sql语句</param>
        /// <returns>SqlCommand对象</returns>
        private SqlCommand GetCommand(string sqlStr)
        {
            if (this.conn == null)
                this.conn = GetConnection();
            if (this.cmd == null)
                this.cmd = this.GetCommand(sqlStr, CommandType.Text, null);
            else
            {
				this.cmd.CommandText = sqlStr;
                this.cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
                this.cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            }
            return this.cmd;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用指定的Sql语句,CommandType,SqlParameter数组创建SqlCommand对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">Sql语句</param>
        /// <param name="type">命令类型</param>
        /// <param name="paras">SqlParameter数组</param>
        /// <returns>SqlCommand对象</returns>
        public SqlCommand GetCommand(string sqlStr, CommandType type, SqlParameter[] paras)
        {
            if (conn == null)
                this.conn = this.GetConnection();
            if (cmd == null)
                this.cmd = conn.CreateCommand();
            this.cmd.CommandType = type;
            this.cmd.CommandText = sqlStr;
            this.cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            if (paras != null)
                this.cmd.Parameters.AddRange(paras);
            return this.cmd;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 执行Sql语句返回受影响的行数
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">Sql语句</param>
        /// <returns>受影响的行数,失败则返回-1</returns>
        public int ExecuteNonQuery(string sqlStr)
        {
            int line = -1;
            try { line = this.ExecuteNonQuery(sqlStr,CommandType.Text,null); }
            catch (SqlException e) { throw e; }
            return line;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用指定的Sql语句,CommandType,SqlParameter数组执行Sql语句,返回受影响的行数
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">Sql语句</param>
        /// <param name="type">命令类型</param>
        /// <param name="paras">SqlParameter数组</param>
        /// <returns>受影响的行数</returns>
        public int ExecuteNonQuery(string sqlStr, CommandType type, SqlParameter[] paras)
        {
            int line = -1;
            CheckArgs(sqlStr);
            if (this.cmd == null)
                GetCommand(sqlStr, type, paras);
            this.cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            this.cmd.CommandText = sqlStr;
            this.cmd.CommandType = type;
            if(paras != null)
                this.cmd.Parameters.AddRange(paras);
            try { OpenConn(); line = this.cmd.ExecuteNonQuery(); }
            catch (SqlException e) { throw e; }
            return line;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用指定Sql语句获取dataTable
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">Sql语句</param>
        /// <returns>DataTable对象</returns>
        public DataTable GetDataTable(string sqlStr)
        {
            CheckArgs(sqlStr);
            if (this.conn == null)
                this.conn = GetConnection();
            this.adapter = new SqlDataAdapter(sqlStr, this.conn);
            DataTable table = new DataTable();
            try { adapter.Fill(table); }
            catch (SqlException e) { throw e; }
            finally { this.adapter.Dispose(); }
            return table;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用指定的Sql语句获取SqlDataReader
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">sql语句</param>
        /// <returns>SqlDataReader对象</returns>
        public SqlDataReader GetSqlDataReader(string sqlStr)
        {
            CheckArgs(sqlStr);
            if (cmd == null)
                GetCommand(sqlStr);
            if(reader != null)
                reader.Dispose();
            try { OpenConn(); this.reader = this.cmd.ExecuteReader(); }
            catch (SqlException e) { throw e; }
            return this.reader;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 使用事务执行多条Sql语句
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlCommands">sql语句数组</param>
        /// <returns>全部成功则返回true否则返回false</returns>
        public bool ExecuteSqls(List<string> sqlCommands)
        {
            if (sqlCommands == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException();
            if (sqlCommands.Count == 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException();
            if(this.cmd == null)
                GetCommand(null);
            SqlTransaction tran = null;
            try {
                OpenConn();
                tran = this.conn.BeginTransaction();
                this.cmd.Transaction = tran;
                foreach (string sql in sqlCommands)
                {
                    if (ExecuteNonQuery(sql) == 0) 
                    { tran.Rollback(); return false; }
                }
            }
            catch { if (tran != null) tran.Rollback(); throw; }
            tran.Commit();
            return true;
        }
        public virtual void Dispose()
        {
            if (this.reader != null)
            { reader.Dispose(); this.reader = null; }
            if (this.cmd != null)
            { this.cmd.Dispose(); this.cmd = null; }
            if (this.conn != null)
            { this.conn.Dispose(); conn = null; }
        }
        protected void OpenConn()
        {
            try {
                if (this.conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                    conn.Open();
            }
            catch (SqlException e) { throw e; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 关闭连接
        /// </summary>
        public void CloseConn()
        {
            if (this.conn != null && this.conn.State == ConnectionState.Open)
                this.conn.Close();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 检查Sql语句是否合法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlStr">Sql语句</param>
        protected virtual void CheckArgs(string sqlStr)
        {
            if (sqlStr == null)
                throw new ArgumentNullException();
            if (sqlStr.Length == 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException();
        }
    }
}


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