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C# 内置队列类Queue使用范例

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C# 内置队列类Queue使用范例,本范例详细演示了C#内置的队列如何进行添加,移除等功能。
来自微软MSDN

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Queue<string> numbers = new Queue<string>();
        numbers.Enqueue("one");
        numbers.Enqueue("two");
        numbers.Enqueue("three");
        numbers.Enqueue("four");
        numbers.Enqueue("five");
        // A queue can be enumerated without disturbing its contents.
        foreach( string number in numbers )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("\nDequeuing '{0}'", numbers.Dequeue());
        Console.WriteLine("Peek at next item to dequeue: {0}", 
            numbers.Peek());
        Console.WriteLine("Dequeuing '{0}'", numbers.Dequeue());
        // Create a copy of the queue, using the ToArray method and the
        // constructor that accepts an IEnumerable<T>.
        Queue<string> queueCopy = new Queue<string>(numbers.ToArray());
        Console.WriteLine("\nContents of the first copy:");
        foreach( string number in queueCopy )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }
        // Create an array twice the size of the queue and copy the
        // elements of the queue, starting at the middle of the 
        // array. 
        string[] array2 = new string[numbers.Count * 2];
        numbers.CopyTo(array2, numbers.Count);
        // Create a second queue, using the constructor that accepts an
        // IEnumerable(Of T).
        Queue<string> queueCopy2 = new Queue<string>(array2);
        Console.WriteLine("\nContents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:");
        foreach( string number in queueCopy2 )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(number);
        }
        Console.WriteLine("\nqueueCopy.Contains(\"four\") = {0}", 
            queueCopy.Contains("four"));
        Console.WriteLine("\nqueueCopy.Clear()");
        queueCopy.Clear();
        Console.WriteLine("\nqueueCopy.Count = {0}", queueCopy.Count);
    }
}
/* This code example produces the following output:
one
two
three
four
five
Dequeuing 'one'
Peek at next item to dequeue: two
Dequeuing 'two'
Contents of the copy:
three
four
five
Contents of the second copy, with duplicates and nulls:
three
four
five
queueCopy.Contains("four") = True
queueCopy.Clear()
queueCopy.Count = 0
 */


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